|Quileute woman with her two daughters|
SPC Nwc Quileute BAE 1-25 00092700
For the exhibit, the National Anthropological Archives loaned a selection of drawings by students from the Quileute Day School in Mora, near La Push, Washington. These drawings, collected by their teacher Albert B. Reagan in 1905 to 1909, depict traditional Quileute ceremonies and objects, as well as scenes from everyday life. With an eye for detail, the students captured rituals and a way of life no longer practiced today.
|Wolf Ritual Dance by F.L Bennet|
Inv 08655200, Manuscript 1802
Acording to anthropologist Leo J. Frachtenberg ("The Ceremonial Societies of the Quileute Indians," 1921), the Quileute had five ceremonial societies. Along with the wolf society for warriors, there were societies for fishermen, hunters, whale hunters, and weather prediction. The ceremonies, consisting of ritual dances, songs, and potlatches, were held during the winter months to honor guardian spirits and to initiate new members to the societies.
One of the ceremonies depicted in the drawings is the Wolf Ritual, which takes place over 6 days. On the first day of the ceremony, men wearing wolf masks and blankets are followed by other members of the wolf society carrying salal bushes on their shoulders.
|Wolf Ritual dance by Jimmie C. Hobucket|
Inv 08656600, Manuscript 1802
In this scene, dancers in the society for hunters hold sticks, which are always carried on hunts, and imitate the actions of hunters and game animals.
|Ka-Kla-Kwal dance, artist unknown|
Inv 08656100, Manuscript 1802
Whaling, once an important part of Quileute culture, ceased in 1904 due to government regulations. The whale hunters society consequently ended as well, but the Quileute continue to this day to hold ceremonies honoring whales.
|Quileute whaling scene by Frank L. Bennett|
Inv 08655400, Manuscript 1802
|Shaker Dance, artist unknown Inv 08655000, Manuscript 1802|
Lorain Wang, National Anthropological Archives